Flavonoids are a group of plant-based compounds that are found in fruits, vegetables, and herbs. They have powerful antioxidant activity and benefits. Some flavonoids protect the plats from environmental stress such as lack of water or poor soil, and some help plants from physical stress such as insects or wind damage. Some of the flavonoids give the plants color or compounds to stimulate cell growth while others help to attract pollinators.
There are 6 main types of flavonoids:
Health benefits of Flavonoids
Antioxidant Power: nearly every type of flavonoid acts as an antioxidant and protects the human body from free radicals. Free radicals are highly reactive molecules that destroy cells in the body and cause oxidative stress which leads to disease. Therefore, flavonoids neutralize free radicals and help protect cellular function.
Combats Chronic Inflammation: by decreasing oxidative stress, flavonoids combat inflammation at cellular level. Their anti-inflammatory effect help manage chronic pain.
Good for Blood Pressure and Heart Health: according to research, inflammation is a risk factor as high blood pressure or cholesterol. Flavonoids has the ability to reduce and avoid inflammation; therefore, consuming plants is linked to a healthy heart. In addition, flavonoids also help with maintaining a healthy blood pressure level.
May Help Protect You from Diabetes: eating foods that are rich in flavonoids combined with exercise and avoiding processed foods can lower the risk of developing diabetes.
Anticancer Activity: many studies have shown that flavonoids have the ability to stop cancer cells from multiplying. There is a correlation between high consumption of flavonoids and a reduced risk of cancer.
Anti-Allergy Properties: quercetin (a specific flavonoid) is known to have a natural anti-histamine effect to fight off seasonal allergies. Allergy medicines make use of anti-histamines to stop the release of histamines that are responsible for symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Antiviral Action: studies suggest that flavonoids can stop the replication of viruses like enterovirus, H1N1, SARS, and HIV.
Protective of Brain Function: flavonoids can suppress neuroinflammation and protest neurons against injury from toxins. They also help brain from aging and disease and reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer’s or dementia.
Anti-Aging Boost for Skin: flavonoids have photoprotective properties that help protect skin form UV damage which can cause premature wrinkles, age spots, uneven skin tone, and helps to keep skin looking younger and healthier.
Best Flavonoid Food Sources: berries, raw cacao, tea, red cabbage, citrus fruits, onions, kale, fresh parsley, non-GMO soy, and celery.